Management Essays – Risk Assessment

Hazard Appraisal


Hazard appraisal is the focal point of Chapter Eight from the book. The premiss behind hazard appraisal is to take into consideration the findings of the appraisals of the plus, menace, and exposure. By analyzing these countries a hazard professional can invent a comprehensive hazard appraisal and assistance in finding the overall acceptableness of the hazard. This paper will reexamine the inquiries at the terminal of Chapter Eight in respects to this topic.

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Thoroughly answer inquiries 1-4 at the decision of Chapter Eight.

Chapter Eight trades with the 4th round on the ladder when discoursing the hazard direction procedure and that round is risk appraisal. This procedure will assist take the manner to puting precedences for the critical assets that were antecedently identified the predating rounds. The book defines hazard appraisal as “The procedure of measuring menaces to and the exposures of an plus to give an adept sentiment on the chance of loss or harm, and its impact, as a usher to taking action.” ( Roper, 1999, p. 73 ) Basically it is the apogee of the three appraisals ( assets, exposures, menaces ) that have been discussed in antecedently. The terminal of Chapter Eight asks four inquiries in respects to put on the line direction which will be reviewed.

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The first inquiry at the terminal of Chapter Eight asks,“Is it possible to gauge the grade of impact of an unwanted event if the hazard director were to reexamine the consequences of each measure separately, ne’er mentioning to other measure consequences? Why? ”The simple reply to the inquiry would be yes it is possible to gauge the grade of impact of an unwanted event looking at each measure separately but how accurate would that be. For illustration, a hazard professional could look at a room and find many things. They could see that it is non secured decently and many people pass by it twenty-four hours after twenty-four hours giving ample chance for person to entree it. Basically the room is unbarred. If that professional decides to make things like add a security camera, set it up so merely an entree badge can acquire into it, or puts a guard on it, that room would be really good secured. However, we know nil of the plus that is inside of it. On the interior is merely a few filing cabinets full of building paper, gum, markers, and books on how to do the following company party more merriment. This individual has now wasted clip and money on protecting an plus that was ne’er traveling to be compromised in the first topographic point and if it was stolen from, cipher would care that much. This is an utmost illustration but it does travel to demo that all three stairss must be reviewed to gauge the grade of and unwanted event. Joel Dubin, a security expert and writer ofThe Little Black Book of Computer Security, puts it best when he states, “You do n’t desire to pass your security budget on protecting a low-risk assets, you want to pass it on bad assets, those that might house sensitive client informations, or manage fiscal minutess, for example.” ( Dubin, 2006 ) This holds true no affair what industry a individual is working in.

Question figure two from Chapter Eight asks,“When reexamining measure consequences and comparing them to others, is it expected that based on the consequences of other stairss ( and the associated background information for those determinations ) the hazard director could be able to cut down any of the single evaluations within any of the evaluation columns? Why? ”Yes, the evaluations can be if the hazard director starts to “upgrade” or “downgrade” the degree of evaluation in the assorted classs. Once more is learned about each of the stairss, accommodations can take topographic point. The budget is a immense driver in the “upgrading” or “downgrading” of evaluations. A tradeoff between hazard and entire cost may hold to be considered. When balance is achieved in the degree of hazard and the grading impact on cost, mission, and agenda, the system is ready for execution. At this point, the design/analysis procedure is complete. ( Sandia National Laboratories, N/A )

The 3rd inquiry from Chapter Eight asks,“If the organisation is willing to accept hazard, what does this indicate? ”This would more than likely indicate that the overall hazard is either low/low or low/medium. This could change depending on the sum of hazard one is willing to accept. Much like car insurance, one can take the type of coverage they want and the sum of deductible they are willing to pay. The newer the car is the more coverage they may desire. The older it gets, the less it needs to be covered for. Just like in concern, it costs a batch of money to construct and keep hazard direction and sometimes quantifying it becomes tough every bit good. “ Regulators and analyst houses have been working difficult to set the pieces together to warrant operational-risk-mitigation investing, and it sounds good, but it ‘s difficult to turn out that any one organisation is taking the right stairss for operating hazard, ” says Susan Cournoyer, chief analyst at Gartner. ( Colkin Cuneo, 2003 )

The last inquiry in Chapter Eightis a follow up to the old inquiry as it asks,“What is indicated when an organisation is non willing to accept the hazard? ”This merely suggests that the hazard is excessively high and there needs to be action taken in some of the old stairss to take down or downgrade the hazard. These hazards are usually medium/high or high/high. A hazard direction professional would hold to reassess some of the old stairss. A recent illustration of an organisation non willing to take hazards was American Airlines. Their full fleet of MD-80 jetliners was grounded so wiring packages could be inspected. American had scrubbed over 3000 flights with the concluding cost perchance transcending $ 30 million, said Philip Baggaley, an industry analyst at Standard & A ; Poor ‘s Corp. ( Pae & A ; Zimmerman, 2008 ) This does non take into history the cost of the reviews themselves and the sum of client service that will necessitate to be rendered. This was a state of affairs where the air hose was non willing to accept the hazard of a major calamity in the air but were willing to accept the effects of their actions by anchoring the flights.

In decision, hazard appraisal is another of import facet in the security of an organisation. This reviews the old stairss and helps find an result of overall hazard and whether or non that hazard is accepted. This at times can go a really hard determination to do.


  • Colkin Cuneo, E. ( 2003, May 12 ) . Accepting Hazard.Information Week( May/2003 Issue ) , CIO Central. Retrieved April 14, 2008, from hypertext transfer protocol: // ; jsessionid=1WXPXXAJWTAQYQSNDLPSKH0CJUNN2JVN? articleID=9800003 & A ; _requestid=844720.
  • Dubin, J. ( 2006, July 7 ) .What stairss are involved in measuring hazard?( Identity Management and Access Control Questions and Answers ) . Retrieved April 14, 2008, from hypertext transfer protocol: //,289625, sid14_gci1197739,00.html # .
  • Pae, P. , & A ; Zimmerman, M. ( 2008, April 11 ) . American Airlines battles to acquire its MD-80s dorsum in the air.Los Angeles Times, Business. Retrieved April 14, 2008, from hypertext transfer protocol: //,0,4628138.story.
  • Roper, C. A. ( 1999 ) .Risk Management for Security Professionals.Burlington, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
  • Sandia National Laboratories. ( N/A, N/A ) .A Risk Assessment Methodology ( RAM ) for Physical Security. Retrieved April 14, 2008, from hypertext transfer protocol: // % 20White % 20Paper.pdf.