Delinquency Deterrence Response CJS/240 Delinquency Deterrence Response General deterrence has been based upon a fear of punishment. If a criminal fears a long prison sentence, then he or she will decide not commit a crime. An area of the deterrence theory is that of a more severe and harsh the punishment, the bigger the deterrent effect. An example is placing more officers out on the street, thus making the delinquent realize they would be captured if they committed a crime.
Specific deterrence had been based on moving convicted criminals to a secure facility so that the punishment is so greater and so that it makes the criminal not want to repeat the same actions in the future. Juveniles are being punished by authorities that have the understanding that their experience will help to deter criminal acts in the future.
An example is that by using a mandatory sentence for a crime that all teens that are found to have acted on a crime be incarcerated; first time offenders may be treated like a criminal that commits a crime repeatedly so that they are placed with criminals that are experienced and are consequently placed to endure irrevocable and significant harm. Situational crime prevention has been a method that tends to rely on making the opportunity to commit a criminal act less likely to happen by making them harder to perform, lowering their rewards, as well as increasing the risks.
Increasing the effort of delinquency might mean that an owner of a store places glass that is unbreakable on their storefront. Increasing the risks of delinquency could also include better lighting, creating more neighborhood watch programs, or even increasing the number of security cameras. Lowering the reward could involve making more car stereos easier to remove to the owner, or even marking property that is likely to be stolen so its harder to pawn. Increasing shame is by placing offenders’ names in community areas or things such as a local newspaper.
I feel that one of the methods that would control juvenile crimes the best is by utilizing the situation crime prevention strategies. I have not seen a great deal of evidence that shows harsher punishment is a source of prevention. I believe that it depends on the juvenile. They have the chance to make a rational choice when it comes to criminal activity. However you cannot just depend on the juvenile to make a rational choice because it does not always appear to be an effective prevention method.